The Scottish Health Survey 1998
VOLUME 1

A survey carried out on behalf of The Scottish Executive Department of Health
Edited by Andrew Shaw, Anne McMunn and Julia Field

JOINT HEALTH SURVEYS UNIT, at The National Centre for Social Research and Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, UCL

November 2000
First published 2000

Volume 1 is also available in pdf format (2044k) download

CONTENTS

Acknowledgements
Foreword

1 INTRODUCTION
Andrew Shaw
1.1 The 1998 Scottish Health Survey
1.2 Overview of the survey design
1.3 This report

2 CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS
Emanuela Falaschetti, Anne McMunn, Paola Primatesta, Marion Brookes
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Methods and definitions
2.3 Prevalence by age and sex
2.4 Regional variations in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease
2.5 Social class variations in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease
2.6 Trends over time in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease
2.7 Blood analytes
2.8 Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors
2.9 Comparisons between Scotland and England
Tables

3 RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS AND ASTHMA
Paola Primatesta, Anne McMunn, Marion Brookes
3.1 Introduction and methods
3.2 Respiratory symptoms: prevalence, severity and impact on everyday life
3.3 Prevalence of wheezing and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults
3.4 Use of health services by adults and children
3.5 Comparison between Scotland and England
3.6 Serum IgE and house dust mite specific IgE in children
Tables

4 LUNG FUNCTION
Paola Primatesta, Anne McMunn, Marion Brookes
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Methods and interpretation of the results
4.3 Lung function by height, age and sex
4.4 Adults' FEV1 and FVC by region, social class, smoking status and respiratory symptoms
4.5 Adults' relative lung function
4.6 Comparison of FEV1 between Scotland and England
Tables

5 ACCIDENTS
Johanna Laiho, Susan Purdon
5.1 Introduction and background
5.2 The incidence of accidents and their characteristics
5.3 Accidents, social class and region
Tables

6 ADULT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Laura Pitson
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Components of activity
6.3 Overall levels of physical activity
6.4 Physical activity by social class and region
6.5 Comparison between Scotland and England
Tables

7 CHILD PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Grahame Whitfield
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Children's participation in different physical activities
7.3 Variations in participation in activity
7.4 Comparisons between Scotland and England
Tables

8 SMOKING
Richard Boreham
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Current smoking prevalence among adults
8.3 Trends over time in cigarette smoking among adults
8.4 Adult non-smokers
8.5 Children's levels of smoking
8.6 Comparisons with England
Tables

9 ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
Bob Erens
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Estimating weekly alcohol consumption
9.3 Adults' weekly alcohol consumption levels
9.4 Adults' daily drinking levels
9.5 Trends over time in alcohol consumption
9.6 Gamma GT
9.7 Problem drinking and drunkenness
9.8 Children's alcohol consumption
9.9 Comparison of Scotland and England
Tables

10 EATING HABITS
Kavita Deepchand, Andrew Shaw, Julia Field
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Consumption of foods containing sugar
10.3 Consumption of spreading and cooking fats and fried food
10.4 Consumption of dairy produce
10.5 Consumption of meat and poultry
10.6 Consumption of fish
10.7 Consumption of foods containing fibre and starch
10.8 Consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables
10.9 Consumption of salt
10.10 Dietary supplements
10.11 Social class variations in eating habits
10.12 Regional variations in eating habits
10.13 Trends over time in adults' eating habits
10.14 Comparisons between Scotland and England
Tables

11 GENERAL HEALTH
Lisa Calderwood and Alison Park
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Self-assessed health
11.3 Psychosocial health
11.4 Use of health services
11.5 Prescribed medicines
11.6 Dental health
11.7 Bladder problems
11.8 Gastroenteritis due to food poisoning
11.9 Children's blood lead levels
Tables

12 BLOOD PRESSURE
Anne McMunn, Marion Brookes, Emanuela Falaschetti, Paola Primatesta
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Methods
12.3 Blood pressure by age and sex
12.4 Blood pressure levels and control
12.5 Blood pressure and region
12.6 Blood pressure and social class
12.7 Time trends in adult blood pressure: 1995 and 1998
12.8 Blood pressure in Scotland and England
Tables

13 ANTHROPOMETRY
Vasant Hirani, Marion Brookes, Anne McMunn, Paola Primatesta, Emanuela Falaschetti.
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Methods, definitions and response rates
13.3 Anthropometric measurement by age and sex
13.4 Regional variations in anthropometric measurements
13.5 Social class variations in anthropometric measurements
13.6 Time trends in adult anthropometric measurements: 1995 and 1998
13.7 Haemoglobin and ferritin by age and sex
13.8 Comparisons between Scotland and England
Tables

14 VITAMINS AND CAROTENOIDS
Anne McMunn, Marion Brookes, Paul Finglas, John Sprunt, Emanuela Falaschetti and Paola Primatesta
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Data interpretation
14.3 Vitamin results by age and sex
14.4 Vitamin and carotenoid results by social class
14.5 Vitamin and carotenoid results by season
14.6 Vitamin and carotenoid results and selected health behaviours
Tables

VOLUME 2: TECHNICAL REPORT

Volume 2 is also available in pdf format (1820k) download

15 METHODOLOGY AND RESPONSE
Kavita Deepchand, Johanna Laiho
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Survey design and fieldwork procedures
15.3 Interviewing and measuring children
15.4 Survey coverage
15.5 Ethical clearance
15.6 Sample selection
15.7 Survey response
15.8 Weighting
15.9 Comparison of the responding sample with the general population
15.10 The accuracy of the survey results
15.11 Social class variables
Tables

16 QUALITY CONTROL OF BLOOD AND SALIVA ANALYTES
Marion Brookes and Anne McMunn with John Sprunt, Paul Finglas and Ian Gibb
16.1 Introduction and key conclusions
16.2 Samples collected
16.3 Change of analysing laboratories
16.4 Methodology
16.5 Quality control
Tables

APPENDICES
A Fieldwork documents
B Measurement protocols
C Health Board areas
D Glossary


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